With the continuous improvement of power density,in the process of diesel fuel evaporation in cylinder, the interaction between droplets continues to grow. In order to study the mutual influence in the process of droplets evaporation, the evaporation phenomenas of single droplet, double-droplet and multi-droplet were studied experimentally in this paper. Firstly the influence of background temperature on single droplet evaporation rate was contrasted to verify the reasonableness of the experimental system. And then the influence of number of droplets and distance between droplets was compared and elicited the value of evaporation rate for each experimental condition. It can be found that when the number of droplets increases, the evaporation rate of droplets decreases; when the distance between droplets decreases, the evaporation rate of droplets also reduced.