Land use patterns effect on soil anti-erodibility was studied by the combinative means of field investigation and laboratory analysis in low mountain-hilly region. The results showed that he five land use patterns had high proportion of aggregates at the size of >2 mm after dry sieving and had high proportion of aggregates at the size of <0.5 mm after wet sieving. Soil dispersion was mainly reflected in aggregate at the size of 0.05- 0.001 mm under different land use patterns. It was significantly different to land use patterns effect on soil anti-erodibility. Soil anti-erodibility in Chinese fir plantation and Eucalyptus plantation were stronger than those of tea plantation, loquat orchard and abandoned farmland. Water-stable aggregate stability was the highest in Chinese fir plantation, followed by eucalyptus plantations and tea plantations, and water-stable aggregate stability was the lowest in loquat orchards and abandoned farmland. Except for coarse dust, the other soil particle content of the same size had the different change under different land use patterns. The change of status of aggregate and degree of aggregation was opposite to the change of dispersive coefficient under different land use patterns. Water stability index and soil organic matter content in Chinese fir plantation, eucalyptus plantation and loquat orchard was higher than that of abandoned farmland and tea plantation. So, land use patterns of Chinese fir plantation and eucalyptus plantation was reasonable in study area.