There are abundant mineral resources in China. On the one hand, we should ensure the effective supply of resources in the process of the economic and social development. On the other hand, we should change the way to develop the mineral resources extensively, reduce the pollution and ecological environment disruption minimally in the process of developing the resources, control the mine environment which is disrupted before and improve the production and living environment in the mine zone to achieve the sustainable development in terms of economy, environment and resources. At present, the development of mineral resources in China has brought enormous benefits to us. The main present and future mission is that we should raise our awareness of mine environmental protection, control the mine environment and reduce the disruption.