The finite element model of drive axle housing was built by using the solid element and the shell element respectively. Vertical bend strength and stiffness under 2.5 times of fully load of the drive axle housing were calculated by finite element method. By comparing the results of the vertical bend strength and stiffness of both models, we could know that both of the two models can be used to analyze the whole stress situation of drive axle housing. Because there were fewer elements of drive axle housing model based on shell element, the amount of final calculation was less. It is more feasible to analyze the whole stress situation of drive axle housing by establishing drive axle housing based on shell element.