A method for mercury high throughput rapid speciation analysis was built by short column capillary electrophoresis (SC-CE) coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). A micromist nebulizer was employed to increase the nebulization efficiency and a laboratory-made removable SC-CE-ICP-MS interface on the basis of cross design was applied to alleviate buffer contamination of ICP-MS. In less than 60 s methylmercury (MeHg(I)) and inorganic mercury (Hg(II)) were separated in a 16 × 75 μm i.d. short column fused-silica capillary at 21 kV, while a mixture of 30 mmol/L boric aicd + 5% (v/v) CH3OH (pH=8.60) acted as running electrolyte. The precisions (RSD, n=5) of migration time and peak area for MeHg(I) and Hg(II) were in the range of 1.4-2.6% and 3.3-3.4%, respectively. The limits of detection (3σ) mercury species were 9.7 and 12.0 μg/L, respectively. The recoveries for Hg(II) MeHg(I) were in the range of 96-107% and 99-105%.