A carbon foam with high strength and high thermal conductivity was prepared through the incorporation of nano-titanium particle into mesophase pitch precursor. Results show that titanium act as catalysts to accelerate the graphitization of carbon, promote more perfect and larger crystallites and enhance the conductive and mechanical properties. Test results reveal that titanium doped carbon foam (TDCF) has excellent compressive strength and high thermal conductivity, with highest values reaching 29.6 MPa and 117.8 Wm-1 K-1 for a titanium concentration of 12 wt% in the precursor materials. More compact struts and cell walls stacked by more uniform were observed by scanning electron microscope in carbon foam. Correlation between the content of dopant and the properties and microstructure of TDCF was discussed.