Strategy of the synthesis of multifunctional materials is developed on the basis of physical properties of composites, composition of fillers, the type of polymer matrix and distribution of ingredients in composite. Each of these factors is displayed in material in different extent depending on technological parameters of processing, and also properties and interaction of fillers in particular conditions. In homogeneous and, in particular in heterogeneous systems, such as metals and alloys, ferro - and ferrimagnetics, ferroelectrics, ferroelectromagnetics, polymer and ceramic matrix composites, high-temperature superconducting ceramics, etc. It is always possible to outline various types of hierarchy. Investigation of the effect of hierarchical structures on physical properties and the nature of interaction of various internal fields in inhomogeneous materials is inseparably linked with the development of methods of synthesis of new smart and intelligent structures.