In this investigation, experiments were carried out to study the relationship of solidification parameters and the secondary dendrite arm spacing (SDAS) in A357 alloy casting with various thicknesses under the same solidification condition. The results show that the cooling rate decreases as the thickness of specimens increases, the local solidification time increased, and SDAS increased. The relationships between the SDAS and cooling rate and local solidification time under the condition of furan resin self-hardening sand casting were obtained: SDAS = 20.8 tf 0.3, SDAS = 69.34 v -0.3. The mechanical properties have some linear relations with SDAS of A357 alloy after aging heat treatment. The correlations can be expressed: UTS=410.4-0.8SDAS and El%=7.9-0.05SDAS.