This paper studies the grinding temperature field of dry belt grinding titanium alloys using finite simulation and experiments. A reasonable finite element model of dry belt grinding temperature field is established on the basis of ANSYS. And three kinds of boundary conditions are loaded on the element of a moving line heat source. The corresponding computer program is designed to calculate the temperature field for different grinding parameters, and the experiment results show that the simulated temperature have good agreement with the measuring ones. The model could be utilized to forecast the distribution and variation characteristics of the grinding temperature field under different conditions.