Highly luminescence lattice-matched InxGa1-xP1-yNy/GaP single quantum wells (SQWs) on GaP (001) substrates were successfully grown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE). High-resolution X-ray diffraction measurements established that the lattice-matched InxGa1-xP1-yNy/GaP SQWs with various In (x = 0.050, 0.080, 0.135) and N (y = 0.025, 0.048, 0.071) contents were realized with excellent crystal quality and fairly flat interfaces. The results of photoluminescence (PL) and PL-excitation (PLE) showed the strong visible light emission (yellow to red emission) from the SQWs. With increasing In and N contents, the PL peak position and the PLE absorption edge exhibited the red-shift to lower energy, indicating the lowering of the InGaPN conduction band edge. The conduction band offset (∆Ec) of the InGaAPN/GaP quantum structure was estimated to be as high as 270 to 480 meV, which depends on the In and N contents in the well. Our results demonstrate that this novel InGaPN/GaP SQW system appropriates for the fabrication of light-emitting and laser diodes.