Ag/polypyrrole(PPy) composite nanoparticles within 100 to 150nm diameter were successfully synthesized. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FTIR) and X-ray diffraction patterns(XRD) data suggested that the nanoparticles were composed of Ag and PPy. An amperometric glucose biosensor was fabricated by adsorbing of glucose oxidase(GOx) to an Ag/PPy nanoparticle-ethyl cellulose composite material modified platinum electrode. The biosensor exhibited a super highly sensitive response to the analyte with a detection limit of 1.0×10-7mol/L. Moreover, the biosensor showed quick current response. The effects of some factors, such as working voltage, pH value , mensuration temperature and mass ratio of Ag/PPy nanoparticles to ethyl cellulose, were also studied.