Mathematical modelling and virtual testing of components and structures represent a useful and economic tool for design and safety assessment. The basic mechanical properties which can be found in material standards are not relevant in cases where the real service conditions differ from those applied during standardised testing. Thus e.g. mechanical behaviour at higher strain rates can be interesting for the car components when the simulation of crash situations is used during structure development. The dynamic compression tests are usually performed by means of drop towers, by means of high speed hydraulic testing machines or Hopkinson bar method. At the Mechanical Testing Laboratory of the SKODA Research Inst. in Pilsen, Czech Republic, an instrumentation of Charpy pendulum testing machine was realised in order that it was possible to perfom dynamic compression tests, , and the compatibility of obtained results in comparison with traditional impact compression tests was verified within the round–robin carried out by TC5 ESIS Sub-Committee on “Mechanical Testing at Intermediate Strain Rates“, . A new striking tup and load measurement system were designed and callibrated. At the same time, a new software was developed which makes it possible to evaluate the test force-deformation record. The goal of this study was 1. to check the possibility of compression testing of high strength materilas by mens of Charpy pendulum, and 2. to study the strain rate influence on basic mechanical properties.