. Carbon nanofibers have been attracted many attentions for their potential applications in nanocomposites and electromagnetic wave-absorbing materials due to their remarkable mechanical, electrical and other properties. Ethanol as carbon source possesses low toxicity, easier storage and transportation. In this paper, we report ethanol catalytic chemical vapor deposition (ECCVD) for synthesizing carbon nanofibers. We utilized ferrocene as catalyst precursor and use ethanol as carbon source to synthesize carbon nanofibers by ethanol chemical vapor deposition. The deposits were characterized by employed scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscope and Raman spectroscopy.