A broad range of II-VI materials has been investigated in order to produce light in the full visible range for optoelectronic applications. The present investigation was carried out for the spectroscopic analysis and synthesis of wide band gap cadmium sulfide nanoparticles. Large-band gap semiconductors have the added advantage in that; they can support higher electric field before breaking down, which means that they can be used for high-power electronic devices.Synthesis has been carried out using colloidal synthesis technique at low temperature. The size, stabilization and optical properties were studied using UV-vis Spectrophotometer and Spectroflourometer. Further, the structural studies of synthesized powder were carried out using X-ray diffraction technique; which also confirms the formation of desired product. The capping ligand and the impurities present in the sample were characterized by Fourier transform infra red spectroscopy. Synthesized CdS powder dispersed in aqueous media gave the value of 193 nm for the onset wavelength using UV-vis spectrophotometer, which is significantly blue-shifted compared to bulk CdS and shows the quantum confinement effect. From the onset wavelength the radius of CdS quantum dot calculated using the Brus equation was found to be ca. 0.7 nm.