This paper presents the results of an investigation aimed at understanding microstructure formation of Al-Fe-Mn-Si intermetallics during pressure-assisted reactive sintering of elemental powders. The proportion of elements was selected such that the composition of the product was 55 wt % Al, 17 wt % Si, 14 wt % Mn, and 14 wt % Fe. Experiments were conducted at temperatures between 600 and 800°C, using compaction stresses of up to 20 MPa. Rietveld analysis of x-ray diffraction patterns of fully processed samples showed that the powders were transformed into a mixture of Al9FeMnSi and Al9FeMn2Si phases. However, as temperature and pressure were increased, the Al9FeMnSi phase was transformed into the Al9FeMn2Si phase. Differential Thermal Analysis, as well as microstructural characterization by scanning electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction, showed that these intermetallics do not form directly from the powder mixtures. Rather, they are the result of metallurgical reactions between a molten Al-Si solution and various intermediate phases formed during reactive sintering.