Stainless 2Cr13 is used as petroleum pipe material for its good performance in condition of high temperature, high pressure and corrosive environment. Buttress thread turning is a type of heavy machining, which has a great influence on the residual stress of workpiece. Residual stress is usually determined by cutting parameters and tool geometries. Experiments with different geometrical tools were carried out and a finite element model was used to study the influence of tool geometries on the residual stress. Experimental and simulated results showed that relatively bigger rake angle and smaller corner radius make a relatively lower tensile residual stress of workpiece surface in dry turning buttress thread.