The effects of temperature, pH and iron concentration on the kinetics of ferrous iron biooxidation by a free suspended culture of Leptospirillum ferriphilum were studied in shake flasks and a circulating bed bioreactor at moderate to high total iron concentration. The kinetic study showed that there are two distinct modes of iron biooxidation: growth associated and non-growth associated, depending on the pH of the medium. There were also distinctive maxima of the effect of temperature and pH on the rate of biooxidation. A kinetic model of the process was proposed, based on an electrochemical-enzymatic model. The proposed model indicates that at moderate to high concentrations (above ~12 g/L), the total iron concentration becomes the single most prominent inhibiting factor.