Paper Title:
Gold Bioleaching of Electronic Waste by Cyanogenic Bacteria and its Enhancement with Bio-Oxidation
  Abstract

This work compares gold bioleaching from e-waste containing gold and copper by Chromobacterium violaceum and Pseudomonas fluorescens. The effect of pulp density (ranging from 0.5 to 8%w/v) was examined. Although C. violaceum produced more cyanide than P. fluorescens in the absence of e-waste, P. fluorescens showed higher growth rate, cyanide production and gold leaching efficiency at all pulp densities. Pretreatment with biooxidation of the e-waste using Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans resulted in the removal in excess of 80% of the copper present in the waste, and increased the gold/copper ratio in the residual solid. Bioleaching the biooxidised e-waste significantly improved gold recovery, especially by C. violaceum, particularly at high pulp density. For example, at pulp densities of 2 and 4% w/v, gold recovery from non-biooxidzed e-waste was 0.22 and 0.14% respectively. Higher gold recovery, at 8%, was obtained for bioleaching of the biooxidised e-waste at both these pulp densities. The ratio of gold/copper in leachates after bioleaching of the biooxidized e-waste was also found to be increased.

  Info
Periodical
Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 71-73)
Edited by
Edgardo R. Donati, Marisa R. Viera, Eduardo L. Tavani, María A. Giaveno, Teresa L. Lavalle, Patricia A. Chiacchiarini
Pages
661-664
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.71-73.661
Citation
V.A. Pham, Y. P. Ting, "Gold Bioleaching of Electronic Waste by Cyanogenic Bacteria and its Enhancement with Bio-Oxidation", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 71-73, pp. 661-664, 2009
Online since
May 2009
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Price
$32.00
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