The grinding process can be considered as micro-cutting processes with irregular abrasive grains on the surface of grinding wheel. Single grain cutting simulation of AISI D2 steel with a wide range of cutting parameters is carried out with AdvantEdgeTM. The effect of cutting parameters on cutting force, chip formation, material removal rate, and derived parameters such as the specific cutting force, critical depth of cut and shear angle is analyzed. The formation of chip, side burr and side flow is observed in the cutting zone. Material removal rate increases with the increase of depth of cut and cutting speed. Specific cutting force decreases with the increase of depth of cut resulting in size effect. The shear angle increases as the depth of cut and cutting speed increase. This factorial analysis of single grain cutting is adopted to facilitate the calculation of force consumption for each single abrasive grain in the grinding zone.