The flight mechanics of dragonflies including hovering and taking off backwards, flight sideways and vertical directions has been attentions in Bionics. The dragonfly wing consists of the networks of various veins and membranes to make the structural properties complicated. In the past investigations, surface characteristics of dragonfly wing were measured by nanoindentation test. Thus the aim of this study will comprehensively concern the nanomechanical properties of veins, membrane and pterostigma of the wing of the dragonfly with nanoindentation. In the mean time, the modulus and hardness of the wing of the dragonfly’s composites including lengthwise vein, transverse vein, membrane and pterostigma are measured. The value of modulus of lengthwise vein is greater than the other structures. The value of modulus of transverse vein is the smallest due to its soft behavior. Its hardness is also smaller than others.