The structural damage of mortar caused by simulated crack was evaluated using embedded PZT sensor combining with dynamic electromechanical impedance technique. The influence of embedded PZT sensors layout on detecting structural damage induced by the simulated cracks was also investigated. The results indicate that with increasing the simulated crack depth, the impedance real part of PZT sensors shift leftwards accompanying with the appearance of new peaks in the spectra. When more simulated cracks occur, the shift of the impedance curve becomes more obvious, and the amounts of new peaks in the impedance spectra also increase. RMSD indices of the structures with PZT sensors embedded in them with different layout can show the structural incipient damage clearly. With increasing more simulated cracks in the mortar structures, RMSD values of the structures with different PZT sensors layout become larger, under the same depth, RMSD indices of the structures with PZT sensor embedded transversely and horizontally in them show the increasing trend.