A NiCr/Cr3C2 composite coating with a thickness of approximately 200 m was deposited onto 1Cr18Ni9Ti stainless steel substrate by high-velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) thermal spraying. Microstructure of the coating was characterized using X-ray diffraction(XRD), scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The coating comprised a NiCr matrix and two types of carbides. The NiCr matrix was composed of an amorphous phase and nanocrystalline grain with a size of 10–50 nm. The microhardness of the coating was found to be 1200Hv, which is significantly greater than that of the stainless steel (1Cr18Ni9Ti) substrate (285 Hv).