The composite antibacterial agents were prepared with Medical stone containing Cu2+ and Zn2+ by liquid ion-exchange reaction. The ion exchange capacity of the as-prepared Medical stone composite antibacterial agents (MSAA) products were investigated by ICP-AES, and the antibacterial activities of the agents were tested by Bacteriastasis ratio, and the structures were characterized by XRD and SEM. The results show that the conditions of preparation, such as pH, concentrations of copper and zinc ions, reaction time and reaction temperature, have important influences on the ion exchange of MSAA. The maximum ion exchange capacity have been obtained when 0.2mol/l Cu2+ and 0.6 mol /l Zn2+ reacted with Medical stone powers in the solution with pH values of 8 for 8 hours at 50 °C. Meanwhile good antibacterial activities and safety are also gained. The reasons for causing the above results are that copper and zinc ions can enter the framework of Medical stone through ion exchanging and adsorption, and are released slowly owing to its porosity.