Recent trends of welding system have been focused on the development of new process in order to achieve better quality, higher productivity and friendly to the environmentally in welding process. The Magnetic Pulse Welding(MPW) process is based on the principle of a tremendous amount of energy compressed and discharged for an extremely short period of time. The purpose of this paper is to investigate welding characteristics according to the distributions of an electromagnetic force on the weldment using a finite element method and to find the optimal process parameters such as input current and frequency. To successfully accomplish this objective, a 2-dimensional axisymmetric electromagnetic numerical model has firstly been developed. The equation was solved using a general electromagnetic mechanics computer program, ANSYS code. The comparison between the calculated and measured results has been carried out to verify the developed system.