Research activities in nanocomposite materials have been carried out for the last decade. Some of the objectives of these activities have been focused in increasing polymer physical properties. This has resulted in products for many fields of application, including: motor vehicle parts, packing, bottles, furniture, protective coatings and flame resistant material. The higher thermal-mechanical properties, better fire resistance characteristics and the low permeability rates present possibilities for the development of nanocomposite materials for components in oil, gas and chemical facilities as pipes, valves and tanks. This paper shows the vision of the authors in some potential uses of nanocomposite materials for manufacturing nonmetallic components and their possible features to reduce the high cost of corrosion.