The focus of this research program is T-shaped CFT central column to steel frame beam connection. 3 joints with strong columns-weak beams and 1 joint with strong beams-weak columns 1:2 scale specimens were tested under constant axial loads and cyclic horizontal loads. Overall impact of axial force ratio and beam to column linear stiffness ratio on joint failure mechanism, hysteretic behavior, deformation ductility, and energy dissipation capability was investigated. Results showed that the failure mechanism for specimens with strong columns-weak beams was local buckling of the steel beam flanges and formation of the plastic hinges. There was minimum damage on the concrete column and joint panel zone. For a specimen with strong beams-weak columns, there was local buckling fracture on steel tube above and below the joint panel zone. Crushing of the core concrete was also observed with formation of the column hinges. It was found that both axial forces and beam to column linear stiffness ratio had impacts on joint capacity and ductility behavior of the specimens. Experiment results showed that the joint models had deformation ductility factor between 3.39 and 3.91 and viscous damping ratio between 0.46 and 0.51.