Paper Title:
Effect of 3-Aminopropyltrimethoxysilane-g-Rice Husk Silica on Flame Retardant of ABS/Organomontmorillonite Nanocomposites
  Abstract

This work focused on an improvement of flame retardant properties of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) by varying amount of silica and organomontmorillonite (OMT). The silica was extracted from agricultural waste such as rice husk by chemical treatment. The obtained silica was characterized by SEM-EDX, XRF, FTIR, laser particle size analysis, and surface area analysis. After that, the rice husk silica (RHS) was surface-modified with 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (AMMO) before blending with ABS and OMT at various ratios by melt blending technique using twin-screw extruder. The effect of silane coupling agent on flammability properties of ABS nanocomposites was studied. The prepared nanocomposites were characterized by TEM to examine the dispersibility of OMT and AMMO-g-RHS in ABS matrix. The flammability properties were evaluated by measuring the limiting oxygen index (LOI) values and UL-94 classes. The TEM results revealed that the ABS/OMT/AMMO-g-RHS nanocomposites were a kind of exfoliated structure. The modified silica particles and OMT were found to disperse and reside in the SAN phase of the matrix. Furthermore, OMT and modified silica could enhance flame retardant properties of ABS polymer matrix because of a synergistic effect between OMT and modified silica during the combustion of ABS nanocomposites.

  Info
Periodical
Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 93-94)
Edited by
S. Suttiruengwong and W. Sricharussin
Pages
91-94
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.93-94.91
Citation
S. Boonkrai, D. Aht-Ong, "Effect of 3-Aminopropyltrimethoxysilane-g-Rice Husk Silica on Flame Retardant of ABS/Organomontmorillonite Nanocomposites", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 93-94, pp. 91-94, 2010
Online since
January 2010
Export
Price
$32.00
Share

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

Authors: Wen Yi Wang, Guo Quan Wang, Xiao Fei Zeng, Ji Rui Song, Jian Feng Chen
Abstract:The nano-CaCO3/Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) composites were prepared by melting-blend with the single-screw extruder. The...
1459
Authors: Yan Zhang, Xiao Ling Chen, Zheng Ping Fang
Composites
Abstract:Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) was treated with various formulations containing an intumescent fire retardant, which consists of...
187
Authors: Jian Bing Guo, Bin Xue, Min He, Hui Ju Shao, Shu Hao Qin
Chapter 1: Composites
Abstract:The effects of styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer (SMA) and epoxy resin (ER) on the interfacial interaction of...
85
Authors: Jian Bing Guo, Kai Zhou Zhang, Shu Hao Qin
Chapter 14: Chemical Materials
Abstract:The toughness of blends composed of PA6 and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) compatibilized by using styrene-maleic anhydride (SMA) as a...
2600
Authors: Chong Peng, Yan Zhang, Hao Ran Wang
Chapter 6: Polymer Materials and Technology
Abstract:The flame retardancy of a thermally stable flame retardant, poly(bisphenol phenyl dichlovophosphate) (PBCL) and its synergistic effect with...
762