Compound ceramic coatings with the main crystalline of Al2TiO5 (as-coated samples) were prepared in situ on the surface Ti-6Al-4V alloy by means of pulsed bi-polar micro-arc oxidation (MAO) in a NaAlO2 solution. The coated samples were calcined in argon and air at 1000 oC, respectively. The phase composition, surface morphology of the ceramic coatings were investigated by XRD, SEM and XRF. The samples were treated in argon and the as-coated ones were calcined in air at 1000 oC to study the anti-oxidation properties of the samples. The results show that Al2TiO5 was decomposed very soon and transformed into α-Al2O3 and rutile TiO2 in air. However, Al2TiO5 was decomposed very slowly in argon and the final coating surface was completely α-Al2O3. Also, the morphology of the ceramic coatings after the calcination was different. The coatings calcined in argon were fined; grains and pores were smaller than those in air. High temperature oxidation occurred very strongly in the TC4 substrate, the weight gains of the as-coated ceramic coatings and the treated ones in argon were nearly changing in the form of parabola, and the weight gains of the coated samples treated in argon were comparatively lower than those of the as-coated samples.