TiNP/2014Al composite was prepared by powder metallurgy method with a reinforcement volume fraction of 15%. High strain rate superplastic deformation behavior of the TiNP/2014Al composite was investigated by tensile tests conducted at 818 K with different strain rates range from 1.7×100 to 1.7×10-3 s-1, DSC, OM, TEM and SEM. It is shown that a maximum elongation of 351% is achieved at 818 K and 3.3×10-1 s-1. The curve of value can be divided into two stages with the variation of strain rate and the critical strain rate is 10-1 s-1. Plastic deformation of the TiNP/2014Al composite at 818 K and 3.3×10-1 s-1 is conducted at an almost constant maximum value of flow stress. High strain rate superplastic deformation mechanism of the TiNP/2014Al composite deformed at 818 K with the strain rate of 3.3×10-1 s-1 is grain boundary sliding accommodation mechanism plus liquid phase helper accommodation mechanism.