Grouping the similar processes is a good approach to improve the manufacturing efficiency, however, which is facing with two difficulties of the group automation and the constraints coupling. Regarding the numerical control (NC) machines and tasks as a grid system, this paper proposes a similarity-based tactic to solve the above difficulties. First, the methodology for analyzing the similarity among NC tasks is proposed to implement group automation taking the similarity principle as theory foundation. Second, based on the results drawn from the first step, the complex constraints including similarity constraints, delivery date constraints, and serial constraints are coupled to develop an integrated scheduling model. Finally, the integrated model is solved and the optimum solution is gotten using a specialized ants algorithm.