This paper proposes a semi-analytical method for the prediction of rolling force for rod rolling. The grooves of the passes are oval-round and round-oval. The mathematical model of rolling force is based on Shinkura and Takai’s model, but incorporates the effects of recrystallization and the alloy elements. Hot rod rolling experiments are conducted to examine the proposed semi-analytical method. The predicting values are compared with the mill log data, and they agree excellently over the whole rolling course. The predictions indicate that recrystallization affects the resistance of the material during hot rod rolling.