Statistical analysis was carried on weld defects of low carbon bainite ADB610 steel using shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) and mixed active-gas arc welding (MAG). By Pareto diagram analysis, although the ratio of porosity air hole using SMAW is slightly higher than the one using MAG, there is no qualitative difference in ADB610 steel weld defect types between two welding methods. And the crack occurs seldom, which indicates ADB610 steel has lower crack-sensitivity using SMAW and MAG. By histogram analysis and rank test, it can be concluded that there is distinctive difference in defect size between SMAW and MAG, and the average size using SMAW is bigger than the one using MAG. So if possible, MAG is recommended for low carbon bainite ADB610 steel.