The role of the stents is to prevent restenosis. The rapid growth of stents’ application in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases resulted in the unique development of these implants. This is mainly due to the effective clinical trials, the success of which determined the use of these endoprostheses. In this study the surface properties of the coronary stents were described by using different methods (stereomicroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive analysis) before and after balloon expansion. Furthermore, the most frequent failures caused by the expansion were introduced. For investigating fatigue properties two high cycle fatigue test equipments were used: the first one simulates the bending stress, and the second one simulates the effect of the pulsating mechanical strain. Surface features of the stents were examined after the fatigue tests as well: macroscopic damages were not originated on the stents, and the implants were not broken down. Only small traces of fatigue occurred on the surface, which became rough; and slip lines and grain boundaries were outlined.