Paper Title:
Towards an Integrated, Fully-Implantable Vestibular Prosthesis for Balance Restoration
  Abstract

Neuroprosthetics is a relatively new topic but it has already shown its potential. Since the application of this science, it has already significantly improved the quality of life of over 60,000 individuals who previously suffered from severely impaired hearing or total deafness. Today, through use of cochlear implants, children born totally deaf can enjoy going to regular schools and communicating normally. Individuals suffering from dizziness and balance disorders can also benefit from the progress made in cochlear prosthetics. The inner ear's vestibular system provides cues about self-motion and help stabilise vision during movement. Damage to this system can result in dizziness, imbalance, blurred vision and instability in locomotion, a leading cause of death in the elderly. We propose a hybrid CMOS/MEMS platform for bypassing a dysfunctional pathway in individuals that suffer from balance-related disorders. Combining MEMS-based inertia sensing with CMOS-based neural monitoring and processing electronics, this prosthesis aims to deliver a corrective artificial stimulus to the vestibulocochlear (VIII) nerve. We describe a novel system outlining the architectural aspects and implementation methodology used in the design.

  Info
Periodical
Edited by
Pietro VINCENZINI and Danilo DE ROSSI
Pages
210-215
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/AST.57.210
Citation
T. G. Constandinou, J. Georgiou, C. Toumazou, "Towards an Integrated, Fully-Implantable Vestibular Prosthesis for Balance Restoration", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 57, pp. 210-215, 2008
Online since
September 2008
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$32.00
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