Gold nanorods (GNRs) were deposited in ordered mesoporous silica SBA-15 by a liquid-phase synthesis. The X-ray diffraction pattern of GNRs-deposited SBA-15 (GNRs/SBA-15) confirmed that the mesoporous structure of the SBA-15 was maintained even after depositing GNRs in the SBA-15 pores. Laser irradiation and heat treatment for GNRs/SBA-15 were carried out to check the effect on the GNRs morphology alteration. These treatments were found to shorten the length of the GNRs in SBA-15, leading to a blue shift of the surface plasmon resonance wavelength of the GNRs. Especially, heat treatment at high temperatures, e.g. at 500 °C, showed unique result that the inner wall of SBA-15 was collapsed by the overgrowth of gold nanoparticles.