In this work lithium disilicate glass-ceramic and glasses based on the Li2O-SiO2 system have been investigated by replacing the high-purity SiO2 starting powder by silica obtained from rice husk. Glasses were developed at the stoichiometric composition of 66%.molSiO2:33%.molLiO2 using SiO2 obtained by thermochemical treatment of rice husk. The influence of rice husk-SiO2 on phase formation, microstructure, hardness and fracture toughness was determined and discussed. Investigations were carried out by means of differential thermal analysis, X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffractometry and scanning electron microscopy. Amorphous and transparent glasses were obtained after melting. The glasses presented Tg near to 480 0C, crystallization peak at 660 0C in both glasses from different silica sources and Li2Si2O5 as the crystalline phase after heat treatment. The hardness (HV300gF) presented average values near to 430 HV for both high-purity and rice husk silica powders. Fracture toughness measurements present results near to 1.7 MP am1/2 for both compositions.