Paper Title:

Establishment of Thermally Grown Oxides upon the Early Oxidation Stages of Ni20Cr and Ni30Cr

Periodical Defect and Diffusion Forum (Volumes 289 - 292)
Main Theme Diffusion in Materials - DIMAT2008
Edited by A. Agüero, J.M. Albella, M.P. Hierro, J. Phillibert and F.J. Pérez Trujillo
Pages 493-500
DOI 10.4028/
Citation B. Bouchaud et al., 2009, Defect and Diffusion Forum, 289-292, 493
Online since April 2009
Authors B. Bouchaud, Ludovic Douminge, F. Pedraza
Keywords Growth Mechanism, Ni-Cr Alloy, Oxidation Kinetics, Raman Spectroscopy
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The performance of Ni-based alloys at high temperature strongly depends on the formation of a protective chromia scale which prevents from fast growth NiO scale. The evolution of the oxide scales will be shown to be strongly dependent on the chromium content especially for the shortest oxidation times. Indeed, transient stages will be reported to condition the subsequent oxidation behavior at longer times until the oxidation rate constant becomes invariant. To this end, a comparative study on the outward and inward diffusion of species upon oxidation at 800°C for short times (0.5 / 1 / 2 / 4 / 8 h) has been evaluated on commercial available Ni20Cr and Ni30Cr alloys through in-situ Raman spectroscopy and supported by post-mortem X-ray diffraction (XRD) as well as scanning electron microscopy coupled to energy dispersive spectrometry (FEG-ESEM / EDS) investigations.