The mechanical engineering industry is always in the search of new hardfacing alloys which nowadays make it possible to solve considerable delicate problems of abrasive wear and corrosion. These alloys are heterogeneous materials and are generally composed of a ductile matrix and a significant proportion in hard phases (carbides, borides or silicides), which give a good wear resistance and corrosion. The following studies made on alloys containing Ni, rich in Silicon and tungsten. We noted that addition of these elements (Si and W) got interesting mechanical properties. The alloys that we chose for this study contain the elements C, B, Si, Cr and W with additions in Ti and Mo. The aim of this work is the characterisation of the various phases formed during solidification, to study chemical affinities in this system poly-constitutes and to make a correlation between the chemical composition, the conditions of development and the microstructures obtained.