The 32CrMoV13 low alloy steel was gas nitrided at 550°C, for three time durations (6.5, 13 and 20 h) and under a variable nitriding potential (1, 2.2 and 6 atm-0.5). The generated nitride layers were characterized by SEM observations, XRD and GDOS analyses as well as microhardness testing. The XRD analysis indicates that the compound layer was composed of and iron nitrides and CrN phase. The surface hardness (inside the compound layer) was found to be dependent on the nitriding potential value, its value increases as rises. It was shown by GDOS analysis that the upper and lower nitrogen concentrations at the (compound layer / diffusion zone) interface are approximatively: 4 and 0.88 wt. % N, respectively.