In this study, nanostructured composite coatings of hydroxyapatite (HA)/ 30wt% yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) coatings containing 0, 3, 5, and 8 mol% Y2O3 (namely; HA-0YSZ, HA-3YSZ, HA-5YSZ, and HA-8YSZ) were successfully synthesized using the sol-gel method. The crystallite size of the coating was about ~44-58 nm for tetragonal and cubic zirconia grain size and 75-87 nm for hydroxyapatite grain size. Crack-free and homogeneous HA-YSZ composite coatings were obtained with no observable defects. The uniform distribution of zirconia particles in a composite would be highly beneficial for obtaining homogeneous coatings of HA-YSZ film and would hinder grain growth of HA phase during calcinations. In vitro evaluation in 0.9% NaCl showed that Ca2+ dissolution rate of composite coatings was lower than pure HA coatings.