Paper Title:
Determination of the Distribution Patterns and Abundances of Trace Elements in Nigerian Crude Oil Using the AAS Technique
  Abstract

Crude oil samples from four oil wells in Nigeria were analyzed for the following seven trace elements: V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni and Pb using Atomic Absorption Spectrometric (AAS) analytical technique. The mean concentrations of these elements on a weight to weight basis were found to range from 0.017 ± 0.005 to 1.977 ± 0.397ppm. The results also show that V was the most abundant metal with Ovia 1 Long String (OLS) Oil well containing the highest concentration of V. The V/Ni ratio from the method used shows that Ovia 1 Long String (OLS) and Ovia 1 Short String (OSS) were the most and the least matured oil wells respectively. All the samples had comparably the same V/Ni ratio (1.16—1.77) implying identical source for all the oils. Furthermore, the calculated values of American Petroleum Institute (°API) gravity determined using the measurement of specific gravity (S.G.) of the crude oil samples range from 47.80 to 55.50. This suggests that the samples fall into one category of crude oil classification which in this case is light crude.

  Info
Pages
64-73
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/JERA.5.64
Citation
O.D. Nworgu, O.D. Osahon, "Determination of the Distribution Patterns and Abundances of Trace Elements in Nigerian Crude Oil Using the AAS Technique", International Journal of Engineering Research in Africa, Vol. 5, pp. 64-73, 2011
Online since
July 2011
Export
Price
$32.00
Share

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

Authors: Nurasmat Mohd Shukri, Jafariah Jaafar, Wan Azelee Wan Abu Bakar, Zaiton Abdul Majid
Chapter 7: Materials and Technologies in Waste Utilization and Environmental Engineering
Abstract:An increasing interest in acidic fractions in crude oil was prompted by the corrosion problems that these compounds caused during oil...
335
  | Authors: Radin Maya Saphira bte Radin Mohamed, Noor Maisara bte Jais, Farah Hanim bt. Che Aziz, Amir Hashim bin Mohd. Kassim, Norzila Othman
Chapter 10: Environment and Green Technology
Abstract:This study aims to measure the concentration of heavy metals of concern Lead (Pb), Copper (Cu), Chromium (Cr), Cadmium (Cd) and Nickel (Ni)...
1189