The ground fissure is one of primary geological disasters in Xi’an, China. The extension pattern and deformation failure area near fissure are studied through the FEM of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics in this paper. The results show the crack extension is not completely tension crack, it is mixed mode when the confined aquifer was pumped. The extents of earth surface deformation and stress concentration of beyond plate are larger than that of the bottom one. It is consistent with observational results.