Paper Title:
Comparison of Recombinant Growth/Differentiation Factor-5 (rGDF-5) and Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 (rBMP-2) in the In Vivo Bone Formation in Porous Hydroxyapatite Ceramic
  Abstract

Various recombinant growth factors have been used for promoting osteoblastic differentiation cascade. To compare the growth/differentiation factor-5 (GDF-5) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) in the in vivo osteogenic potential of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), the bone formation was assessed by rat subcutaneous implantation of 5 kinds of hydroxyapatite (HA) implants; namely GDF/HA composites, BMP/HA composites, MSCs/HA composites and the MSCs/HA composites supplemented with recombinant mouse GDF-5 (GDF/MSCs/HA) or recombinant human BMP-2 (BMP/MSCs/HA). Neither the GDF/HA nor the BMP/HA composites exhibited any bone formation at any time after implantation. At both 2 and 4 weeks after implantation, obvious de novo bone formation together with active osteoblasts was seen histologically in many pores of the GDF/MSCs/HA and BMP/MSCs/HA composites. The GDF/MSCs/HA and BMP/MSCs/HA composites also showed high alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and osteocalcin expression determined at both the protein and gene levels. Compared with GDF/MSCs/HA, the BMP/MSCs/HA composites exhibited excellent osteogenesis with relatively early osteoblastic phenotype expression. These findings indicate that the two growth factors synergistically enhance de novo bone formation capability of MSCs/HA composites and the importance of ceramic surface to retain and to deliver the molecules of growth factors for the cell differentiation and maturation.

  Info
Periodical
Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 284-286)
Main Theme
Edited by
Panjian Li, Kai Zhang and Clifford W. Colwell, Jr.
Pages
945-948
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.284-286.945
Citation
H. Shimaoka, Y. Dohi, K. Narikawa, H. Ohgushi, M. Ikeuchi, M. Okamoto, T. Kirita, K. Yonemasu, "Comparison of Recombinant Growth/Differentiation Factor-5 (rGDF-5) and Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 (rBMP-2) in the In Vivo Bone Formation in Porous Hydroxyapatite Ceramic ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 284-286, pp. 945-948, 2005
Online since
April 2005
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$32.00
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