In the present paper, bioceramic coating with gradient compositional design was prepared on surface of Ti alloy by using wide-band laser cladding. Effect of rare earth Y2O3 content on gradient bioceramic composite coating was studied. The experimental results indicated that adding rare earth can refine grain. Different contents of rare earth affect formation of HA andβ-TCP in bioceramic coating. With increase of rare earth content, HA andβ-TCP were synthesized. When content of rare earth ranged from 0.4% to 0.6%, the active extent of rare earth in synthesizing HA andβ-TCP got best, which indicated that “monosodium glutamate” effect of rare earth played a dominant role. However, when rare earth content was up to 0.8%, the active extent of rare earth in synthesizing HA and β-TCP conversely went down, which demonstrated that rare earth gradually lost its catalysis in manufacturing HA andβ-TCP.