Paper Title:
Periodic Structure of Blaze Grating in Abalone Shell
  Abstract

Periodic structures, such as photonic crystals and gratings, offer the ability to control light propagation and produce structural colors (not produced by pigments). Structural colors are quite widespread in nature, such as in opals and some animals. The abalone shells attract much attention due to its fracture resistant. In present work, we report on the microstructure of the surface area in where the iridescence color appears found in abalone shell shows a groove structure of blaze grating. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of its iridescent layer show layers of platelets. The abalone shell has a statistically regular arranged tile structure. This specific tile structure serves as a two-dimensional grating to cause the iridescence phenomenon. Unlike opals, the iridescence color of the abalone shells is not directional due to the two-dimensional arrangement of the reflection grating structure and the convex shape of the tiles.

  Info
Periodical
Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 288-289)
Edited by
Xingdong Zhang, Junzo Tanaka, Yaoting Yu and Yasuhiko Tabata
Pages
669-672
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.288-289.669
Citation
J. Wang, X.J. Peng, C. W. Yuan, "Periodic Structure of Blaze Grating in Abalone Shell ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 288-289, pp. 669-672, 2005
Online since
June 2005
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Price
$32.00
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