The drilling assisted by ultrasonic elliptical vibration (UEV) is proposed in present paper. The drilling system assisted by UEV was developed. The characteristics of the drilling process assisted by UEV are analyzed. The effect of ultrasonic elliptical vibration on the axial drilling force, the radial drilling force and the chip thickness are investigated experimentally. The experimental results show that the axial drilling force, the variation of the radial drilling force and the chip thickness of drilling assisted by UEV can be reduced.