For 3D digital measurement of large scale objects, image mosaic is the key technology to achieve whole measurement for a small measuring field of the sensor unit. A viscous-target-based three-dimensional image mosaic technology is proposed. The screw theory is introduced to realize the spatial image mosaic. The method permits an automatic identification of targets and a better matching for the feature coded technology. In experiments, the method was proved to be valid, with a relatively high precision on three-dimensional image mosaic. The relative error of the space length measurement is less than 0.6%.