Today, stress measurement methods by thermography and by photoelasticity are widely used to make stress distribution visible. However, it is difficult to separate principal stresses using only one of these methods because only the difference of principal stresses is measured in photoelasticity, and only the sum of the principal stresses is measured in thermograpy. Therefore, the inverse analysis problem must be solved to separate the principal stress in the thermoelastic method and the shear difference integration method must be used for the photoelastic method. Although there are some reports separation of the principal stresses under uniaxial stress by combining the two methods, little research under the biaxial stress has been reported due to the difficulty of experimentation. In this research, the principal stresses under biaxial stress are separated by a combined method. Moreover, it is verified that the thermoelastic stress measurement method is effective to evaluate the stress concentration factor.