The objectives of this study are to evaluate the internal damage and compressive residual strength of composite laminate by impact loading. To investigate the environmental effects, as-received and accelerated-aged glass/phenolic laminates are used. UT C-Scan is used to determine the impact damage characteristics and CAI tests are carried out to evaluate quantitatively the reduction of compressive strength by impact loading. The damage modes of the woven glass/phenolic laminates are evaluated. In the case of the accelerated-aged laminates, as aging time increases, initial failure energy and residual compressive strength decrease.