Hydroxyapatite (HA) powders were directly synthesized in simulated body fluid (SBF) at 37°C, without the need for high-temperature calcified. These powders were found to contain trace amount of CO32-, Cl-, Na+ and K+ impurities, originated from the of SBF solutions during their deposition. The characterizations of the synthesized HA powders were performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transformed infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) and Transmission electron microscope (TEM). The experimental results showed that the HA synthesized by the SBF route might be more close to that human bone in structure and compositions. Furthermore, the processes flow for HA synthesis was optimized and the synthesized mechanism was also discussed.